Shalimar Gardens is a stunning Mughal-era garden complex located in the city of Lahore in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The garden was built in the mid-17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and was named after his wife, Empress Nur Jahan, who was known as Shalimar, meaning “abode of love.”

The garden covers an area of approximately 80 acres and is divided into three terraces, each with its own distinct layout and features. The upper terrace is the highest and features a series of fountains, pavilions, and water channels. The middle terrace is characterized by a large pool surrounded by trees and pavilions, while the lower terrace is the largest and features a series of canals, fountains, and waterfalls.

The garden’s design is a testament to the skill and ingenuity of the Mughal architects and engineers who created it. The fountains and water channels are fed by a system of underground water channels that extend for several kilometers, and the garden’s layout is designed to take advantage of the natural terrain and the surrounding hills.

The garden’s beauty has inspired artists and poets for centuries, and it has been described as a paradise on earth. The garden is renowned for its symmetry and balance, and its use of water and vegetation to create a sense of harmony and tranquility.

Today, Shalimar Gardens is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a popular tourist destination. The garden attracts visitors from all over the world who come to marvel at its beauty and learn about the history of the Mughal Empire. The garden is also an important cultural and social space for the people of Lahore, who come to relax, picnic, and enjoy the natural beauty of the area.