Bahawalpur is a city located in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is the 13th most populous city in the country and the fifth-largest city in Punjab. Bahawalpur is a historic city that was founded in the 18th century by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan II. The city is known for its rich cultural heritage, historic buildings, and scenic beauty. In this article, we will provide a complete description of Bahawalpur, including location names, details of surrounding areas, visiting points, and all the things a traveler needs to know.
Location and Geography
Bahawalpur is located in the southern part of Punjab province, close to the border with Sindh. The city is situated on the banks of the Sutlej River, which is one of the five rivers that flow through Punjab. The city is surrounded by vast deserts, and the climate is arid and semi-arid. The temperature in the summer months can go up to 50°C, while in the winter months, it can drop down to 5°C.
History and Culture
Bahawalpur has a rich cultural heritage that is deeply rooted in history. The city was founded in the 18th century by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan II, who was a descendant of the Abbasi family of Baghdad. The Nawab was a patron of the arts and encouraged the development of music, poetry, and literature in the city. The city also has a rich tradition of Sufism, and many Sufi saints are buried here.
- Noor Mahal
Noor Mahal is a palace that was built in 1875 by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan. The palace is a beautiful example of Islamic and European architecture and has a grand façade, a large courtyard, and beautiful gardens. The palace has now been converted into a museum and is open to the public.
- Bahawalpur Museum
Bahawalpur Museum is a must-visit place for history enthusiasts. The museum houses a large collection of artifacts, including ancient coins, pottery, jewelry, and manuscripts. The museum also has a gallery dedicated to the history of the city.
- Sadiq Garh Palace
Sadiq Garh Palace is another historic palace in Bahawalpur. The palace was built in 1882 by Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan and is an impressive example of Islamic architecture. The palace has now been converted into a hotel, and visitors can stay here to experience the royal lifestyle.
- Derawar Fort
Derawar Fort is a historic fort that is located in the Cholistan Desert. The fort was built in the 9th century and has 40 bastions that are visible from a distance. The fort is an impressive example of Islamic architecture and is a must-visit place for history enthusiasts.
- Lal Suhanra National Park
Lal Suhanra National Park is a wildlife sanctuary that is located 35 km east of Bahawalpur. The park is home to a variety of animals, including deer, antelope, wild boars, and wolves. The park also has a large lake that attracts migratory birds.
- Cholistan Desert
The Cholistan Desert is a vast desert that is located in the southern part of Punjab. The desert covers an area of about 26,000 square kilometers and is known for its unique culture, which is deeply rooted in the desert lifestyle.
- Uch Sharif
Uch Sharif is a historic town that is located 75 km from Bahawalpur. The town is known for its Sufi shrines and historic buildings, including the tomb of Bibi Jaw